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Cystic Acne and Cystic Pimples: Everything You Need to Know

Cystic Acne and Cystic Pimples: Everything You Need to Know

Skin issues can be really nasty. This is especially true when it comes to cystic acne and cystic pimples.

This is a very serious type of acne that causes a complete blockage of pores. As a result, a person who has this condition will end up with infection and inflammation. 

As you can presume, cystic acne and cystic pimples are prevalent among younger people. Given that a lot of teenagers and young adults struggle with pimples, it makes sense that some of them will suffer from Acne cystica.

Although they are not as common as the regular acne, you still need to do your best to prevent their appearance. 

The main things you need to know about the condition

Cystic pimples are quite specific. Like most other dermal conditions, they are especially tragic for people coming of age. They will completely alter our physical appearance oftentimes, leading to loss of confidence and even depression.

The only good thing about cystic acne is that it’s not that common. It is usually caused by biological changes (changes in hormone levels, to be precise). They usually appear during puberty, but they might appear a bit later as well.

The condition can be quite painful, and it is important for a patient to avoid any contact with his or her face.

Unfortunately, there are a lot of misconceptions regarding this condition. Some people claim that its caused by greasy food or chocolate. The others believe that cystic acne appears due to bad hygiene or even masturbation.

The best ways to treat cystic acne

Luckily for us, technological development gives us various solutions for cystic pimples and acne. However, that doesn't mean you administer the treatment by yourself. The whole process should be monitored by your doctor so it can be tweaked or changed as you go.

Depending on your specific case, you might need to use strong drugs. They are especially important for scarring and cyst prevention. Mild cases are usually manageable; most people resolve them through a series of doctor visits.

If you notice cysts or nodules, you might have to be treated by a dermatologist. They can be quite problematic as they can lead to long-term damage to your skin.

  • Benzoyl peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is one of the most common substances used for dermal conditions. It can be used for any type of acne or pimples, and it is especially good for cystic acne. You can easily get the drug from almost any pharmacy. Given that this is over the counter medicine; you won't need a prescription. Benzoyl peroxide comes in various shapes and forms, and it is often used as the main ingredient for some of the most popular dermal drugs. The substance works by eliminating nasty bacteria that is causing the issue. It can also be used for the treatment of whiteheads and blackheads. Keep in mind there are two main types of benzoyl peroxide products: those that are water-based and those that are alcohol-based. Water-based products are more suitable for dry skin, while alcohol is better for oily skin. Anyways, it is best if you consult your doctor before administering any drug. These products are quite safe. The worst side effect you might experience is mild skin irritation.

  • Isotretinoin

If you live in the US, you can find isotretinoin under various names such as Sotret, Myorisan, or Absorica. It is a very potent drug that provides great results for cystic pimples. Unfortunately, this is why it can also be harmful - the patients often report several side effects when using it. Some of the problems you might experience include joint pains, liver damage, chapped lips, skin dryness, depression, etc. Furthermore, it can be really dangerous for unborn children, leading to death or deformities. The drug is administered daily, for 16 to 20 weeks. Isotretinoin should be used exclusively according to a doctor’s recommendation. Before you start taking the drug, it is necessary to try all other solutions, including oral antibiotics.

  • Steroid injections

Given that cystic acne is caused by hormonal imbalance, it makes sense that you can treat them by restoring that balance. Steroid injections are one of the most severe solutions to this problem. They can be injected directly into cysts in order to reduce inflammation and prevent potential scarring. Like the previous treatment, it is something that needs to be done by your dermatologist. Your doctor may also try some other procedures such as drainage of cysts. If you do experience side effects after the therapy, always remember that they're usually localized. Avoid injecting steroids yourself as this may cause scarring and the even worse case of infection.

  • Birth control pills

Lastly, we have to mention birth control pills as another viable method. These pills are a great way to treat cystic acne and pimples. They work by reducing the production of sebum, eliminating the issue in its roots. Your doctor may also prescribe additional treatments such as progesterone or estrogen drugs. Sometimes, dermatologists prescribe spironolactone as a way of inhibiting androgens in your body.

The most common symptoms of cystic acne and cystic pimples

You don’t have to be an expert to diagnose acne or pimples.

Acne cystica is even more obvious as the whole area will become inflamed. You will notice nodules and cysts, and if you don’t react properly, there will also be some scarring.

One of the main problems with acne and pimples is how they affect our psyche. These problems can be disastrous for our self-esteem and mood, sometimes leading to depression. Needless to say, cystic acne will only amplify these mental issues and insecurities. As a result, a person's social life can suffer greatly.

We also need to mention the scarring that often goes with cystic pimples. Even if you cure the condition in a prompt manner, there is a chance you will experience physical alteration.

The most common damage comes in the form of red scars, large pits, depressions within the epidermis, smaller scarring (known as ice-pick scarring). Because of this, it is very important for teenagers (and their parents) to react as soon as they notice visible skin changes. It also helps if you have a good dermatologist.

Cystic acne and cystic pimples: The most common causes

Our skin constantly produces sebum. It is a type of substance that comes out of our pores. Sebum is very important for our skin health as it provides protection.

However, the issue occurs when a body starts producing too much of this substance. The pores will become clogged, which, in turn, will create perfect grounds for the appearance of acne.

As mentioned, cystic acne is usually caused by hormonal changes during the teenage years. As androgen hormones increase, a body will start producing much more sebum. Another important change is the fact that our skin will start replenishing itself at a much quicker pace.

But, there is more to cystic acne than a simple coming-of-age process. The hormonal imbalance is also common during pregnancy and menstrual cycle. It can be caused by birth control pills, as well as special hormone therapy. In some cases, the change is caused when a person is suffering from excessive stress.

Although greasy food will not cause acne, we need to pay attention to greasy beauty products. Humidity and sweating are additional factors that we need to consider. Of course, there are also people who are genetically predisposed to have skin issues such as this.

Additional measures and tips

Perhaps the best thing about acne is that there is a lot of stuff you can do to alleviate the problem. If you're disciplined, and if you perform promptly regular checkups, you are able to reduce the odds of suffering scaring.

Your treatment period can also be significantly reduced if you behave the right way. Here are some great tips that will help you do just that:

  • Make sure to use a mild soap (preferably baby soap)
  • Try to avoid excessive showering
  • You have to be very gentle with your skin. Avoid scrubs and exfoliating agents
  • Never touch your face, especially with dirty hands
  • Try not to use any makeup. If you really have to use it, go with water-based products. Oily products will only worsen your condition
  • Although you shouldn't take extra showers, make sure to clean your skin every morning and evening. This is especially important after exercise as you want to remove the excess sebum from the surface of the skin
  • Although the sun is not necessarily a bad thing, it will affect the way your skin looks like
  • Be very careful when shaving your beard. Use very gentle products that are good for sensitive skin. If shaving is too irritating, try to do it less often

As you can see, there is a lot up to you. Cystic acne can be treated, as long as you’re willing to administer the right measures.

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